A career in Computer Vision can lead to a position within academe or industry. Many people now working in the vision industry initially worked in vision research in an academic institution, and a number of people with industrial experience have become academics.
The most common career route into computer vision research is to acquire a postgraduate qualification at MSc or PhD level (see the listing of vision research groups in the UK) and then work within a research group as a research associate before becoming a lecturer, a permanent member of academic staff.
The challenges pursued by the computer vision community are often driven by industrial demand, and the application areas are numerous. Opportunities for a career in Computer Vision in an industrial environment include working within software and hardware development, application-oriented companies, general purpose product sales, and research-based development. Thousands of companies around the world use and develop computer vision techniques; there is list of those active in vision research in the UK.